Wine has been produced for thousands of years, and it’s an integral part of many cultures. It’s also the only major alcoholic drink with a history that predates Christianity. The Romans were among the first to cultivate grapes for wine production, but they did not stop there; their legacy includes viticulture techniques like pruning vines and trellising grapevines. Wine is now produced in every corner of the world by people from all walks of life.
The history of wine is a long and winding one. From the discovery of wines in Ancient Egypt to modern-day vineyards, there are many interesting facts about wine that you may not know!
Let’s start with some basic information – how did we get here?
- The first evidence of winemaking dates back to 6,000 BC. The earliest known traces were found in an Armenian cave where archaeologists discovered pottery jars containing tartaric acid residue.
- It was once believed that grape cultivation was introduced by the Greeks when they invaded France but recent research has shown this not to be true. Wine production existed at least 1,000 years before this invasion took place. It is now thought that viticulture spread from Persia into Greece.
- The earliest mention of wine was found on cuneiform tablets in Mesopotamia during what is now known as the Bronze Age (3200-3000 BC).
- Ancient Greeks believed that there were three types of wines: sobering, stimulating, and unmixed.
- In ancient Rome, it was forbidden to serve less than two types of wine at dinner parties.